Are you wondering about the type of aquaponics vegetables you can grow using an aquaponic system? Well, almost any type of plant that comes to mind, excluding, of course, the plants whose fruits grow inside the ground, like potatoes, onions, garlic, sweet potatoes, and so on.
The following vegetables, fruits, and herbs grow well in an aquaponics garden.
- Bok Choy
- Cabbage both red and green
- Egg plant
- herbs like basil and oregano
- Swiss chard
In addition there are different types of beans and peas that grow very well in this type of system.
Different plants will grow under different conditions and so before you start planting anything it is important to consider the types of growing beds you should use. The growing bed will determine what type of root structure plants will flourish.
For instance, plants that have no root structure will do well in floating beds and those with roots grow well in wicking beds, for everything else there are media beds. Plants like leafy greens, herbs and lettuce grow well in beds called “raft”. If you want to grow tomatoes, beans, peppers, and other types of vegetables use media beds.
The Correct Environment
The environment in which you house your aquaponics system will determine what you can and cannot grow. Factors like ambient temperature, sunlight, wind and rainfall are factors that you should consider. If you chose to grow your plants outdoors you should plant vegetables which grow in your region. In many areas, a greenhouse will need to be used or you will have to limit your growing indoors.
However, you shouldn’t want to defeat Mother Nature, because even if you do use a greenhouse it can be difficult to control things like the temperature. Most plants grow well when the temperature ranges match their regular growing process. This is why during colder months you should plant cold weather crops and warm weather crops in summer.
Lettuce is the fastest growing vegetable in the aquaponics system. This vegetable reaches maturity in just 28 days and grows well in floating beds. The plant is also very resilient, being able to withstand maximum and minimum temperatures give or take 25 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you want to grow food which is more nutritious in a short time span then pole bean which is a type of wax bean can be grown. You can harvest this bean in 54 days. Pole beans grow best in media beds and their optimal growing temperatures are between 59 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Beans are a great investment because they can either be eaten fresh or dried after which stored for an extended period of time.
Tomatoes are also great vegetables to grow in an aquaponics environment. And despite the fact that they grow bigger, better and faster in an aquaponics system they still take three months to mature depending on their variety and strain.
You can grow tomatoes in media beds at temperatures between 59 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. If you want to ensure the highest yield make sure to trim all the shoots and just leave the main vine. This allows for the bulk of the nutrients to be sent directly to the tomatoes once they start forming.
Carrots can also be easily grown in an aquaponics garden. They take around 65 days to reach maturity and can be grown in temperatures between 59 and 64 degrees Fahrenheit. However, carrots are best grown in wicking beds.
In a system, you are not limited to any specific types of aquaponics vegetables. You can grow what you like as long as you stick with growing vegetables that flourish in your region’s temperatures.
Learn more about building an aquaponics system for growing aquaponics vegetables and fish with the Easy DIY Aquaponics System.